Nepal

Nepal, the country of Himalayas, is bordered by Tibet on the north and by India on the east, west and south. The total area of this country is 1,47,181 square kilo meters with the length of 885 kilo meters east to west and breadth varies from 145 to 241 kilo meters north-south. It is an exciting country of friendly people with lively cultures and religions from various ethnic groups. Climates here in Nepal varies from sub-tropical to alpine.

Nepal deserves a magnetic network of picturesque human settlements and hamlets, farmlands, dense forest, nomad's camps, shrines and sacred places, tranquil valleys and ravines, wide spread meadows and moraines, glacial lakes, Himalayan rivers, rocky ridges, and high passes and many Himalayan mountain peaks.

Geographical Information:
Nepal is full of rare scenic majesty where travellers get revelled in a unique setting of beautiful mountain peaks, landscape, Himalayan Rivers, various flora and fauna and people with vibrant culture. The land is geographically divided into four belts; (I) The Great Himalayan Range (II) The Mountain Region (III) The Sylvan Churia Foothills & the Inner Terai Zone and (IV) The Plain Land Terai along with Indian border.

(I) The Great Himalayan Range: The altitude of this region ranges between 4500 meters and 8848 meters that occupies 15 percent of total area, which include more than 8 of the existing 14 summits exceeding the altitude of 8000m in the world; Mt. Everest 8848m, Mt. Kanchenjunga 8586m, Mt. Lhotse 8516m, Mt. Makalu 8463m, Mt. Cho-Oyo 8201m, Mt. Dhaulagiri 8167m, Mt. Manaslu 8163m, Annapurna 8091m., and many other beautiful mountain peaks endless to list.

(II) Mountain Region: This region occupies 68 percent of the total land area that has been formed between the Mahabharata Range and the base of the Great Himalayan range. People from various ethnic groups, races and religions of Nepal live in this region.

(III) The Sylvan Churia foothills and the Inner Terai Zone: The scarcely populated Churia Hills and the Inner Terai region get higher to the rocky Mahabharata Mountain Range. The inter-mountain basins are covered of forests. This belt arrays altitude varies from 401m to 900m.

(IV) Terai Region: The low-land of Nepal, the plain land extending to the Indian border, is called Terai region, which has a width varying from 26 to 40 kilo meters with a maximum altitude of 400 meters that occupies 17% of total land areas. The village of Kechanakalan with an altitude of 70 meter situated in Jhapa district (Eastern Terai) is the lowest point of the country. This region is flat and fertile. The eastern and southern Terai land area is highly agricultural which joins the foothills of sylvan.

Climate:
The climate of Nepal varies from subtropical monsoon conditions in the Terai and alpine in the Himalayan region. The annual rainfalls range from 70 and 75 inches in the eastern Terai and between 30 and 35 inches in western Nepal. The overflow caused of heavy rainfall is a difficult problem in the monsoon season, from July to August each year.

Official Name and Political System: Federal Republic Nepal, Multiparty Democracy

Capital City: Kathmandu

Population: 2,86,65,310 and the Population structure: 48 percent of the total population is male, and 52 percent female, Life expectancy: 65 yrs.

Religion: Secular State; Nepal has got people from various ethnic groups, culture and religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Bon, Islam, Christianity, etc.

Currency: Rupee (in short form NRS or NPR)

Language: Nepali (official); however there are numerous mother tongues as local dialects

Literacy: 52 per cent of the total population